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Full text of "The Legacy Of Egypt"

412

Index

mercenaries, 295.

merchants, see traders

Mercury, planet, 161.

Merenptah, King, 40, 89, 224,

meridian, observation of, 165.

Merikare, King, 75, 246.

Merimda culture, 122, 127, 130; pot-
tery, 122, 130, pi. 14.

merkhetf star-sighting instrument, 163.

Merodach-baladan, chieftain, 46.

Merovingian kings, 284.

Merowe, 134.

Mesopotamia, 118, 218, 240; burnt
bricks in, 128; Chaldaeans in, 46;
city-states in, 24-5; commercial and
cultural unity of Syria and, 26; early
writing in, 22; key date in history of,
12; literature of Egypt, Palestine,
and Mesopotamia compared, 71-2;
merchants from, 29; nomads of west-
ern deserts in, 25; prehistoric pottery
of, 21.

metal from Anatolia, 23; from Cappa-
docia, 29.

metal: adzes, 123; axes, 123; borers,
123; engraving, 366; ores, 134-6.

metal objects, survival of, 86.

metal-working, 135.

metaphors, 242.

meteorology, 160.

metropolis, the, 334, 339.

Meyer, E., chronology of, a n. r, 13.

Middle Kingdom, 114-15; early burial-
places of, 96; jewellery of, 97, 1015
literature of, 73-6; rulers of, 93.

Migdol, place, 235.

military authority, 333.

military fiefs, 371.

mind (Novs), 313.

miniature painting, 362.

Minoan culture: beginnings of civiliza-
tion, 23-4; Early period of, 12;
traders from, in Eastern Mediterra-
nean, 29, 30; see also Crete.

Minya, city, 370.

missionaries, 328.

Mistress of the Year (Sinus), 162.

Mitanni, the, 36-8, 221.

Mitanni, State, 32, 35-6.

Mizraim, see So.

Moab, 43, 229; sheikh of, 42.

Moabite Stone, 59, 61, 63.
models, 96, in, pis. 19, 21.
modernism, 392.
Moerjs, Lake, 266.
Mohammed, see Muhammad.
monasteries: architecture and design,
364-5; centres of nationalist feeling,
342-3; estates of, 337; fortification
of, 323; white and red, 320-1.
localities, 322; of Abu Bolos (Father
Paul), 319; on the Appian Way, 326;
near Armant, 322; in the Faiyum,
322; in basilica in Jerusalem, 326;
at Jesse near Thebes, 322; at Lúrins
(St. Honorat), 325; of Mar Antuni,
319; attached to basilica of St. Peter,
326; near Siut (Asyut), 322; at
Tabennesi, 319-20.
monasticism: coenobitic or community
life, 319-20; contemporary accounts,
323-4; Coptic Church and Egyptian
monasticism, 317-31; Egypt's great
gift to the Middle Ages, 332; in
Rome, 325-6 ; move towards simpli-
city, 322; origin, 317-19; persecu-
tion, 327-9; reform, 320-1, 324;
solitaries, 317-19; spread of, to other
lands, 324-5; under Fatimid khalifs,
33░-
Mond, Sir Robert, 102.
monetary reforms of Diocletian, 273.
money, 283, 379-80.
Mongol sack of Bagdad, 351.
monks, 321-3, 326-7, 351.
monophysitism, 300, 332, 340-1, 345.
monopolies, 293-4.
monotheism, 70, 392.
Montet, P., 60, 62.
moon, the, 388.
mortar, used in building, 150.
mortars, for grinding corn, 158.
mortises, 138.
Mortuary Realm of Zoser, 91-2.
mortuary temples, 94.
mosaics, 134.
mosques: al-Azhar, 351, 363-4; of
Abu '1 Haggag, 389; of Bahri Mam-
luks, 364-5; of BarqQq,'365; of
Baybars I, 365; of Burji Mamluks,
365; Great, of Damascus, 364; of
al-Hakim, 364; of Ibn Tulun, 364;